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    -4/5/1777—12/25/1798: Fire period

    -1777 : Fire period: peak excitement, zeal, intensity, non sustainable energy level, eats itself-— American revolution, French Revolution, decentralization of British dominance, wave of new treatise and alliances, American frontier, various outpost networks extended and established worldwide, curt reform to policies, enlightenment, space discovery, aviation firsts, updated industrial infrastructure, global/collectivist rights notions, penal colony Australia, regularly disseminated information via media, separation of dogma belief and theological study,  conflicts between colonists and colonized , American revolutionists form confederacies with economic structure and army, ; telecommunications, battle with by air surveillance, monarchic overthrow in France, executions of monarchy, aristocracy, and tax collectors etc., antimonarchist wars, French Republic battling all monarchy, rise of Napoleon, imperialism, territory, control, siege, immigration issues, territory naturalization etc, vaccination invented, theaters established

        -American Revolutionary War: widespread through period: decentralizing British dominance, “new world”

        -Sturm und Drang: 

        -Stars and Stripes is adopted: new decentralized political identity structures


        -James Cook views Hawaii

        -first modern German color flag: new political identity structures

        -Anglo-French War: Decentralizing British dominance, alteration of trade routes

        -Affair of the Diamond Necklace:::::::: led to disillusionment with the monarchy and ultimately the French revolution


        -British troops surrender to the Marathas in Wadgaon: decentralizing British dominance

        -Treaty of Aynalıkavak: Chrimean autonomy

        -Declaratory Rescript of the Illyrian Nation: decentralizing eastern church authority

        -The Great Siege of Gibraltar: decentralizing British dominance

        -The Iron Bridge is erected across the River Severn in Shropshire, the world's first bridge built entirely of cast iron.[5] It will open to traffic on January 1, 1781.[6]

The spinning mule is perfected by Lancashire inventor Samuel Crompton.[6]

Boulton and Watt's Smethwick Engine, now the oldest working engine in the world, is brought into service (May)).: engineering / infrastructure upgrade

        -A joint Spanish-Portuguese survey of the Amazon basin begins to determine the boundary between the colonial possessions in South America; it continues until 1795.: new stratification of state array, “new world”


        -The First League of Armed Neutrality: decentralizing British dominance 

        -The British Gazette and Sunday Monitor: new regularized information dissemination
       -Gordon Riots: decentralizing from papacy

        -Louis XVI of France abolishes the use of torture in extracting confessions: change in information gathering

        -Rebellion of Túpac Amaru II: rebellion against colonists 

        -A lightning strike in Saint Petersburg begins a fire that burns 11,000 homes.: Pluto in Lightning shape

        -Emperor Kōkaku accedes to the throne of Japan.: aggressive reform of previous policy

        -Fourth Anglo-Dutch War: decentralization of British dominance

        -Jose Gabriel Kunturkanki, businessman and landowner, proclaims himself Inca Túpac Amaru II.: new politic and rights movements

        -Jeremy Bentham's Introduction to Principles of Morals and Legislation, presenting his formulation of utilitarian ethics, is printed (but not published) in London.: utilitarianism and Aquarian Saturnian

        -Nikephoros Theotokis starts introducing Edinoverie, an attempt to integrate the Old Believers into Russia's established church.: like mindedness, networks over hierarchies, horizontal autonomy


        -Ohmiya (近江屋), as predecessor for Takeda, a major worldwide pharmaceutical brand, is founded in Doshomachi (道修町), Osaka, Japan::::: Pluto in Lightning shape, medical expressions


        -The first American commercial bank (Bank of North America) opens.: new network structures

        -Rama I overthrows King Taksin of Siam (now Thailand) in a coup d'état, and moves the political capital from Thonburi, across the Chao Phraya River to Rattanakosin Island, the historic center of Bangkok.: relocation of empire, overthrow, reform, new establishment

        -Constitution of 1782: decentralizing British dominance

        -In Switzerland, Anna Göldi is sentenced to death for witchcraft (the last legal witchcraft sentence).: “progressive” thinking

        -The Masonic Congress of Wilhelmsbad, Germany, one of history's most important ever secret society congresses, takes place. High-degree Freemasons from the whole of Europe spend the time deliberating the fate of the rite of Strict Observance, and hierarchy of the governing bodies of world Freemasonry, at the Hanau-Wilhelmsbad spa.[4]: elite cabals and syndicates

        -Hada and Mada Miah lead a rebellion: decentralization of British dominance

        -Princess Yekaterina Vorontsova-Dashkova is the first woman in the world to direct a scientific academy, the Imperial Academy of Arts and Sciences.:::: progressive authority

        -London creates the Foot Patrol for public security.:; new forms of control application


    1783: United States recognized, British surrenders in India, British signs treatise with France and Spain: assembling new networks

        -The Crimean Khanate annexed by Russia: assembling new networks

‘        -Treaty of Georgievsk:  assembling new networks

    -Peace of Paris: A treaty between the United States and Great Britain is signed in Paris, formally ending the American Revolutionary War, in which Britain recognizes the independence of the United States; and treaties are signed between Britain, France, and Spain at Versailles, ending hostilities with the Franco-Spanish Alliance. This is also the beginning of the Old West——— After winning the Revolutionary War (1783), American settlers in large numbers poured into the west.:::::: new networks lead to movement into frontiers


        -Treaty of Constantinople: Crimean annexation::::: new network 

        -Henry Cavendish's paper to the Royal Society of London, Experiments on Air, reveals the composition of water.[3]:   :::: scientific advancement

        -Ordinance of Governance:::::: assembling new nation

        -treaty formally ending the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War.: ::::: new networks

        -The Bank of New York opens as the first in New York state::::: new networks

        -September 19 – In France, the Robert brothers (Anne-Jean Robert and Nicolas-Louis Robert) and a Mr. Collin-Hullin (whose first name is lost to history) become the first people to fly more than 100 km or 100 miles in the air, lifting off from Paris and landing 6 hours and 40 minutes later near Bethune after a journey of 186 kilometres (116 mi).:::::: new tech, initiation into air

        -Élisabeth Thible is the first woman to ascend in a hot-air balloon, at Lyon, France.::::::::: new tech, initiation into air

        – Russia establishes a colony at Kodiak, Alaska.:::::::: frontier extension

        -The phenomenon of black holes is first posited in a paper by John Michell, in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London.[9]::::::::: hypothesis about a plutonian nature in reality

        -Immanuel Kant's essay "Answering the Question: What Is Enlightenment?" is published.::::::::::: scientism and decentralizing church power/presence

        -The India Act requires that the governor general be chosen from outside the British East India Company, and makes company directors subject to parliamentary supervision.::::::::: decentralizing policy

        -Britain receives its first bales of imported American cotton.::::::::: new trade networks

        -Benjamin Franklin invents bifocal spectacles.:::::: 

        -Benjamin Franklin tries in vain to persuade the French to alter their clocks in winter to take advantage of the daylight.:::::::: upgrading interpretation of time

        -Antoine Lavoisier pioneers quantitative chemistry.::::: Aquarianism

        -The first issue of the Daily Universal Register, later known as The Times, is published in London.::::::: information dissemination

        -Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard and American John Jeffries travel from Dover, England to Calais, France in a hydrogen gas balloon, becoming the first to cross the English Channel by air.::::::::: air initiation

        -world's first aviation disaster in Tullamore

        -first fatal aviation disaster follows in 36 days

        -The dollar (and a decimal currency system) is unanimously chosen as the money unit for the United States by the Congress of the Confederation.[10]:::::::::::: new monetary system

        -The fleet of French explorer Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse leaves Paris for the circumnavigation of the globe.::::::::::: beyond frontiers

        -Treaty of Hopewell:::::::: frontier networks

        -Masonic lodges limited::::: new regulations

        -Coal gas is first used for illumination.::::::: extraction for light etc., Pluto extraction Aquarius gas

        -Cabinet des Modes, the first fashion magazine, is published in France.:::::::: information dissemination


        -In a speech before The Asiatic Society in Calcutta, Sir William Jones notes the formal resemblances between Latin, Greek, and Sanskrit, laying the foundation for comparative linguistics and Indo-European studies.:::::::::::: hidden structure in language

        -British astronomer William Herschel publishes his first list of his discoveries, Catalogue of One Thousand New Nebulae and Clusters of Stars; two additional books are published in 1789 and 1802.[8]::::::::::: discovery beyond frontier, unknown

        -The Cabinet of Great Britain approves the establishment of a penal colony, at Botany Bay in Australia.::::::::::: beyond frontier prison colonies

        -Caroline Herschel discovers a comet (the first discovered by a woman) from England.:::::::: beyond frontier discovery and equalizing collectivism

        -The Kingdom of Denmark (including Norway) charters six settlements in Iceland to trade with it, thus ending the Danish–Icelandic Trade Monopoly, and founding Reykjavík.:::::::::: new networks and beyond frontier societal structures

        -British first colony in Southeast Asia:::::: new networks and beyond frontier societal structures

        -The Confederation Congress establishes the United States Mint to make common coinage and currency for the U.S., to replace individual state coins::::::::::: collective wide exchange

        -Peter Leopold Joseph of Habsburg-Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany, promulgates a penal reform, making his country the first state to abolish the death penalty. This day is therefore commemorated by 300 cities around the world as Cities for Life Day.::::::::::::::::;; global rights


        -Biblical theology becomes a separate discipline from biblical studies, as Johann Philipp Gabler delivers his speech "On the proper distinction between biblical and dogmatic theology and the specific objectives of each" upon his inauguration as the professor of theology at the University of Altdorf in Germany.[5]:::::::::::: rationalism, scientism, atheism

        - Orangist troops attack Vreeswijk, Harmelen and Maarssen; civil war starts in the Dutch Republic.:::::::::::::: sectarianism

        -Launching a 45-foot (14 m) steam powered craft on the Delaware River, John Fitch demonstrates the first U.S. patent for his design.::::::::::::: transportation systems

        -Prussian troops invade the Dutch Republic. Within a few weeks 40,000 Patriots (out of a population of 2,000,000) go into exile in France (and learn from observation the ideals of the French Revolution).::::::::::::::::::::: exile, anti-monarchist ideals disseminated

        -Treaty of Versailles (1787) signed, forming an alliance between the Kingdom of France and the Lord Nguyễn Phúc Ánh, future Emperor of Vietnam.::::::::::::::; far flung network

        -Freed slave Ottobah Cugoano publishes Thoughts and Sentiments on the Evil and Wicked Traffic of the Slavery and Commerce of the Human Species in England.::::::::::::; human rights ideals

        -Caroline Herschel is granted an annual salary of £50, by King George III of Great Britain, for acting as assistant to her brother William in astronomy.[9]::::::::::::::::::::: governmnet distributed equal rights ideals monetary exchange for science beyond frontier discovery


        -America's first recorded riot, the 'Doctors' Mob', begins. Residents of Manhattan are angry about grave robbers stealing bodies for doctors to dissect. The rioting is suppressed on April 15.::::::::::: dispassionate medical scientists

        -France: Day of the Tiles, which some consider the beginning of the French Revolution.:::::::::::::::: anti monarchy

        -The Australian frontier wars begin.::::::::::::::::; colonist conflict

        -colonist expansion into southern and pacific oceans

        -The Theater War begins, when the army of Denmark–Norway invades Sweden.::::::::::::: theatrical conflict

        -Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès publishes the pamphlet What Is the Third Estate? (Qu'est-ce que le tiers-état?), influential on the French Revolution.:::::::::::: decentralizing , anti monarchistmanifesto

        -The Tennis Court Oath is made in Versailles.::::::::::::::::: decentral network 

        -– The people begin to seize arms for the defense of Paris.::::::::: anti monarchy


        -The French Revolution (1789–1799) begins with the Storming of the Bastille: Citizens of Paris storm the fortress of the Bastille, and free the only seven prisoners held. In rural areas, peasants attack manors of the nobility.:::::::::::: anti monarchy

        -Women's March on Versailles: :::::::::::::commodities redistribution demands

        -Revolutions in Austria etc.:::::::: spreading “leftist” sentiment

        -Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor, decrees that all peasant labor obligations be converted into cash payments.:::::::::::::::: monetary exchange for societal participation

        -The Bengal Presidency first establishes a penal colony, in the Andaman Islands.:::::::: annexed prisons

        -Influenced by Dr. Benjamin Rush's argument against the excessive use of alcohol, about 200 farmers in a Connecticut community form a temperance movement in the United States.::::::::::::: rationalist sobriety

        -The 11 minor states of the Austrian Netherlands, which took part in the Brabant Revolution at the end of 1789, sign a Treaty of Union, creating the United States of Belgium.:::::::::::::: decentral networks

        -Two Quaker delegates petition the United States Congress for the abolition of slavery.::::::::::::::::::::::  human rights ideals 

        -Louis XVI of France accepts a constitutional monarchy.::::::::::::::: decentralization

        -The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is passed. This completes the destruction of the monastic orders, legislating out of existence all regular and secular chapters for either sex, abbacies and priorships.::::::::::::::::::::: decentralization, rationalism, etc

        -The abolition of guilds is enacted.:::::::; decentralization

        -A mechanical semaphore line for rapid long-distance communication is demonstrated by Claude Chappe in Paris.:::::::::: telecommunications advancement

        -Thomas Paine's chief work Rights of Man (first part) is published in London.[2]::::::::: “left” politic

        -French Revolution: Flight to Varennes – The French Royal Family is captured when they try to flee in disguise.:::::::::::::: anti-monarchy

        -Haitian Revolution: A slave rebellion breaks out in the French colony of Saint-Domingue.:::::::::: colonial rebellion

        -Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen is written by activist Olympe de Gouges in response to the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.[7]:::::::::::::: Aquarian equalization

        -The Coinage Act is passed, establishing the United States Mint:::::::::: decentral/central currency

        -Swedish assassinations

        -The French Revolutionary Wars::::::::::::: monarchic aboloshinist ideological spread via conflict

        -The Buttonwood Agreement is signed, beginning the New York Stock Exchange.::::::::::::: the exchange of a then relative decentral union

        -Insurrection of 10 August 1792 – The Tuileries Palace is stormed and Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody.:::::::: anti monarchy

        -Royalist Louis Collenot d'Angremont becomes the first person executed by guillotine for political reasons, in Paris.:::::::::: anti monarchy decentralization aquarian dispassion for the concept of human rights

        -French clergy slaughter

        -crown jewels pilfered

        -radical antimonarchist Thomas Paine flees England for France

`        -A Proclamation of the abolition of the monarchy by the French Convention goes into effect, and the French First Republic is established, effective the following day.

        -Foundation of Washington, D.C.: The cornerstone of the United States Executive Mansion (known as the White House after 1818) is laid.::::::::::::::: network establishment

        -France's National Convention passes a resolution pledging French support for the overthrow of the governments of other nations.[8]:::::::::::: totalizing decentralization

        -Claude Chappe successfully demonstrates the first semaphore line, between Paris and Lille.:::::::::::: telecommunications network and information exchange

        -Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, one of the earliest works of feminist literature, is published in London.:::::::::::::; feminist literature

        -US banks and stock exchanges established::::::::: union exchange infrastructure

        -The first written examinations in Europe are held at the University of Cambridge in England.:::::::: textual cognitive dominance

        -After being found guilty of treason by the French National Convention, Citizen Capet, Louis XVI of France, is guillotined in Paris.[1]:::::::::: aquarian dispassionate human rights driven left politic massacre begins

        -The French First Republic declares war on Great Britain, the Dutch Republic and (on March 7) Spain.[3] During the year, the War of the First Coalition is joined by Portugal, the Holy Roman Empire, Naples and Tuscany in opposition to France.::::::::::::: global antimonarchist campaign

        -The following universal conscription decree is enacted in France: "The young men shall go to battle and the married men shall forge arms. The women shall make tents and clothes and shall serve in the hospitals; children shall tear rags into lint. The old men will be guided to the public places of the cities to kindle the courage of the young warriors and to preach the unity of the Republic and the hatred of kings.”:::::::::::::: antimonarchist extremism

        -September 5 – French Revolution: The National Convention begins the 10-month Reign of Terror.:::::::::::::::::: Plutonian Aquarius

        -Marie Antoinette, the widowed queen consort of Louis XVI of France, is guillotined in the Place de la Révolution in Paris at the conclusion of a 2-day trial before the Revolutionary Tribunal.

        -November 10 – The dechristianization of France during the French Revolution reaches a climax with the celebration of the Goddess of Reason in the cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris.::::::::::::::::::::::::::::ational enlightenment scientism

        -Dominique Jean Larrey, chief surgeon of the French Revolutionary Army, creates the first battlefield "flying ambulance" service.:::::::::::::::medical transport systemization


        -The Stibo Group is founded by Niels Lund as a printing company in Aarhus (Denmark).::::::::: information management

        -The National Convention of the French First Republic abolishes slavery.:::::::::::; human rights decentral authority

        -France: executions of democratized associates to the monarchy, i.e. tax collectors etc.::::::::::::::; liberal totalitarianism

        -Battle of Fleurus: French forces defeat the Austrians and their allies, leading to permanent loss of the Austrian Netherlands an d destruction of the Dutch Republic. French use of an observation balloon marks the first participation of an aircraft in battle.:::::::::::::::::::: surveilence

        -ongoing themes continue

        -The Austrian Netherlands is annexed to the French Republic, as the Belgian departments.:::::::::::::::: annexation

        -The French Directory takes power; the influence of the Sans-culottes declines.::::::: network rises proletariat influence declines

        -Napoleon’s military campaign, rise of Napoleon:::::::::::: totalitarian result of left politcs

        -  Bank Restriction Act removes the requirement for the Bank of England (the national bank of Great Britain) to convert banknotes into gold - Restriction period lasts until 1821. The Bank of England issues the first one-pound and two-pound notes (pound notes discontinued March 11, 1988).::::::::::::::: currency abstraction

        -France's new government decrees that citizens who left the country without authorization are subject to the death penalty if they return.[8]:::::::::::::: exile

        -XYZ affair

        -The secret Lautaro Lodge as the Logia de los Caballeros Racionales ("Lodge of Rational Knights") is founded, perhaps in Cádiz; membership will include many leaders of the Spanish American wars of independence such as Francisco de Miranda, Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín.::::::::: secret revolutionary syndicates 

        -Eli Whitney contracts with the U.S. federal government for 10,000 muskets, which he produces with interchangeable parts.::::::::::::: modular weaponry

        -the Irish Rebellion of 1798 begins when the Irish Militia arrest the leadership of the Society of United Irishmen,[2] a group unique amongst Irish republican and nationalist movements in that it unifies Catholics and Protestants (Anglican, Presbyterian, Methodist, Baptist and others) around republican ideals. This month, Lord Castlereagh is appointed Acting Chief Secretary for Ireland and on March 30 martial law is proclaimed here. The first battles in the rebellion are fought on May 24 and it continues through September, but the rebels receive much less than the expected support from France, which sends only 1,100 men.::::::::::::::::::; decentral sectarianism syndicates 

        -Battle of the Pyramids: Napoleon defeats Ottoman forces near the Pyramids.

July 24 – Napoleon occupies Cairo.:::::::: obvious transition into Earth period from Air period::::: discovery and zeal moving into territory, control and industrialization

        -Romantic literature begins ::::::::::::: response to rationalism

        -sedition act trials, immigration issues::::::::: inside outside, earth period expression coming in

        -Edward Jenner publishes An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Variolæ Vaccinæ, describing the smallpox vaccine, in London.:::::::::::::::: medical interventionism—- interesting incoming with territory fixation, immigration, naturalization inside outside boundaries issues of earth period emerging ———-First Earth conjunction 1802


    -2/2/1532—12/3/1553: Water period:

reformation decentralizes papal supremacy, sectarianism within protestantism, information dissemination control, expansion to the new world by catholics creating multipolar catholic network, avant garde literature, amoral ideology, arrest and corporeal punishment on ideological basis, new biblical translations and reinterpretations, multidirectional conflicts, firearms distributed to the east, schools established, foods are introduced into Europe from colonies

        -São Vicente is established as the first permanent Portuguese settlement in Brazil.[1]:::::::::: colonization, decentralization, annexation, frontier territory 

        -The English Parliament bans payment by the English Church to Rome.::::::::::::::::currency control, decentralizing papacy

        -Francisco Pizarro lands on the northern coast of Peru.[2]::::::::: colonization, annexation, decentralization

        -The Prince is published, five years after the death of the author, Niccolò Machiavelli.[6]:::::::::::: new philosophical concept and amoral political theory

        -Pantagruel is published by François Rabelais.[7]::::::::::::::::::;;;; avant garde literature, decentralizes the bibles centrality in printed matter

        -Henry VIII of England grants the Thorne brothers a Royal Charter to found Bristol Grammar School.::::::::::::::?

        -Stamford School is founded in England by William Radcliffe.:::::::::::::::::?

        -The Paris Parlement has the city's beggars arrested "to force them to work in the sewers, chained together in pairs”::::::::::::: penal servitude

        -The Statute in Restraint of Appeals in England declares the king to be the supreme sovereign and forbids judicial appeals to the papacy.::::::::::::::::::::: decentralization from the papacy

        -Henry VIII is excommunicated by Pope Clement VII, as is Archbishop Cranmer:::::::::::::::::: papal decentralization 

        -Paracelsus interprets the Bible in Appenzell.::::::::::::::::; proto scientific biblical interpretation

        -A group of Anabaptists, led by Jan Matthys, seize Münster, Westphalia and declare it The New Jerusalem, begin to exile dissenters, and forcibly baptize all others.:::::::::::::::::::: forcible exile


        --Jacques Cartier explores Newfoundland, while searching for the Northwest Passage.:::::::::::::: beyond frontiers

        June 9 – Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover the Gulf of St Lawrence.:::::::::::::::::: beyond frontiers

        -Ignatius of Loyola and six others take the vows that lead to the establishment of the Society of Jesus, in Montmartre (Paris).

        -Huguenots post placards all over France attacking the Catholic Mass, provoking a violent sectarian reaction.::::::::::::::::: sectarianism

        -The English Reformation Parliament passes the Act of Supremacy, establishing Henry VIII as supreme head of the Church of England.[1]:::::::::::::::::: papal decentrlization

        -The Ottoman army under Suleiman the Magnificent captures the city of Baghdad from the Safavids.:::::::::::::: decentral power transfer

        -Cambridge University Press is given a Royal Charter by Henry VIII of England, and becomes the first of the privileged presses.:::::::::::::::::: dissemination of information

        -Gargantua is published by François Rabelais.::::::::::::::;; avant garde literature, dissemination of decentral literature

        -Martin Luther's translation of the complete Christian Bible into German is printed by Hans Lufft in Wittenberg, adding the Old Testament and Apocrypha to Luther's 1522 translation of the New Testament, and including woodcut illustrations.::::::::::::::::::: textual biblical decentralization

        -The first book in Yiddish is printed (in Kraków), Mirkevet ha-Mishneh, a Tanakh concordance by Rabbi Asher Anchel, translating difficult phrases in biblical Hebrew.[5]::::::::::: dissemination of theological text


        -more anabaptist upheaval, biblical new-translations, exploration of the new world

        -Sir Thomas More, author of Utopia and one time Lord Chancellor of England, is executed for treason, after refusing to recognize King Henry VIII as head of the English Church, and separate from the Roman Catholic Church::::::::::::; authoritarianism, aquarian dispassionate idealogical corporeal punishment


        -A Franco-Ottoman alliance exempts French merchants from Ottoman law and allows them to travel, buy and sell throughout the sultan's dominions, and to pay low customs duties on French imports and exports. The compact is confirmed in 1569.:::::::::::::::::: decentral trade Networks

        -The first edition of John Calvin's Institutes of the Christian Religion, a seminal work of Protestant systematic theology, is published in Basel.[1]::::::::::::; radical new theological ideology

        -The Reformation Parliament in England passes an Act for the Dissolution of the Monasteries.[3] Religious houses closed as part of Henry VIII's dissolution include: Basingwerk Abbey, Bourne Abbey, Brinkburn Priory, Buildwas Abbey, Cartmel Priory, Dorchester Abbey, Dore Abbey, Haltemprice Priory, Keldholme Priory and Tintern Abbey.:::::::::::; papal decentralization, ideological shutdown of old idea centers

        -The Inquisition is implemented in Portugal.:::::::::::::: ideological homogenizing force

        -Count's Feud ends when Copenhagen surrenders to King Christian III of Denmark. On August 6 he marches into the city and on August 12 arrests the country's bishops, thus consolidating the Protestant Reformation in Denmark.::::::::::::::::::: ideological homogenizing force of new theological ideas


        -Recife is founded by the Portuguese, in Brazil.::::::::::::::::::: decentral network polis

        -Pope Paul III publishes the encyclical Sublimis Deus, which declares the natives of the New World to be rational beings with souls, who must not be enslaved or robbed.:::::::::::::::; human rights

        -The Spaniards bring the potato to Europe.:::::::::::::::: species transfer


        -Treaty of Nagyvárad: Peace is declared between Ferdinand I, future Holy Roman Emperor and the Ottoman Empire. John Zápolya is recognized as King of Hungary (Eastern Hungarian Kingdom), while Ferdinand retains the northern and western parts of the Kingdom, and is recognized as heir to the throne.[1]::::::::::::: secret network splitting / decentralizing / splintering kingdoms etc

        -The Truce of Nice was notable because Charles and Francis refused to sit in the same room together because of their intense mutual hatred.:::::::::::::::: led to hostile fragmentation 

        -The first university of the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is founded on the island of Hispaniola.::::::::::::: dissemination of information in network node beyond the frontier



        -Spain annexes Cuba.::::::::::::; decentral node

        -King Francis I of France issues the Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêt, that places the whole of France under the jurisdiction of the royal law courts, and makes French the language of those courts, and the official language of legal discourse.:::::::::::::::; language control

        -Lutheranism is forcibly introduced into Iceland, despite the opposition of Bishop Jón Arason.::::::::::::::::::; forced ideology into beyond frontier network node

        -The first printing press in North America is set up in Mexico City.[5]:::::::::::::::information dissemination to network node

        -Teseo Ambrogio's Introductio in Chaldaicam lingua, Syriaca atq Armenica, & dece alias linguas, published in Pavia, introduces several Middle Eastern languages to western Europe for the first time.:::::::::::::::::::language distribution

        -Waltham Abbey is the last to be closed as part of Henry VIII of England's dissolution of the monasteries.:::::::::::; authority force of ideology via shutdown

        -Gibraltar is sacked by the fleet of Barbary pirate Ali Hamet, a Sardinian renegade in the service of the Ottoman Empire, and many of its leading citizens are taken as captives to Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera in Morocco.[3] This leads to construction of the defensive Charles V Wall, at this time known as the Muralla de San Benito.::::::::::::; outsiders, exiles, sectarianism, division, transportation disruption, terrorism, etc.

        -Georg Joachim Rheticus publishes De libris revolutionum Copernici narratio prima in Danzig, an abstract of Copernicus' as yet unpublished De revolutionibus orbium coelestium, and the first printed publication of Copernican heliocentrism.::::::::::::::; new reality concepts, beginning of rationalism and scientism

        -The musket is introduced into Japan from Europe::::::::::::; distribution of deadly technology



        -The Janissaries of Suleiman the Magnificent take Buda by ruse, hiding themselves as visitors.::::::::::::::::: sectarian subterfuge of infiltrators from outside

        -After three years of exile, John Calvin returns to Geneva to reform the church under a body of doctrine that comes to be known as Calvinism.::::::::::::::;exile, new doctrine, totalizing ideology

        -Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent seals off The Golden Gate in Jerusalem.::::::::::::::::::outsiders, exiles, sectarianism, division, transportation disruption, terrorism, etc.

        -Gerardus Mercator makes his first globe.:::::::::::::::; world map updater 

        -Elia Levita's chivalric romance, the Bovo-Bukh, is first printed, the earliest published secular work in Yiddish.:::::::::::::::; secularization


        -Nicolaus Copernicus publishes De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres) in Nuremberg, offering mathematical arguments for the existence of the heliocentric universe, denying the geocentric model. Copernicus dies on May 24 in Frombork, at the age of 70.::::::::::::::::::; new cosmological view proved with abstraction, math data

        -Andreas Vesalius publishes De humani corporis fabrica (On the Fabric of the Human Body), revolutionising the science of human anatomy.:::::::::::::::: new view of body interior

        -Led by the Chinese pirate Wang Zhi, the first Europeans and firearms arrive in Japan in Tanegashima island in southern Kyushu including Portuguese traders António Mota, António Peixoto, Francisco Zeimoto, and presumably Fernão Mendes Pinto.[4]


        -At Västerås, the estates of Sweden swear loyalty to King Gustav Vasa and to his heirs, ending the traditional electoral monarchy in Sweden. Gustav subsequently signs an alliance with the Kingdom of France.::::::::::::::; monarchy end, new alliance

        -The Orto botanico di Pisa botanical garden is established by Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, in Italy, under the direction of botanist Luca Ghini, who also creates the first herbarium.:::::::::: scientific compendium first

        -Rats make their first appearance in North America.:::::::::::::;; species distribution


        -couple years where less is recorded except widely distributed invasions, sieges and short wars 

        -Christ Church, Oxford, is refounded as a college by Henry VIII of England under this name.::::::::::::::: instyitutional infrastructure

        -December 19 – Trinity College, Cambridge, is founded by Henry VIII of England.[2]:::::::::::::::: instatutional infrastructure


        -The first Lithuanian-language book, a Catechism (Katekizmo paprasti žodžiai, Simple Words of Catechism), is published in Königsberg by Martynas Mažvydas.::::::::::::::;; language establishment and distribution

        -Conspirators led by Ferrante Gonzaga murder Pier Luigi Farnese, Duke of Parma and son of the Pope, and hang his body from a window of his palace in Piacenza.::::::::::::conspiracy

        -John Dee visits the Low Countries, to study navigation with Gemma Frisius.::::::::::::::: abstract conspirator paradigm shifters


        -Battle of Uedahara: Firearms are used for the first time on the battlefield in Japan, and Takeda Shingen is defeated by Murakami Yoshikiyo.[1]::::::::::::; distribution of new deadly technology

        -Ming Chinese naval forces commanded by Zhu Wan destroy the pirate haven of Shuangyu, frequented by Chinese, Japanese and Portuguese smugglers.::::::::::::::::::::::; outsider networks and syndicates


        -The Valladolid debate on the rights and treatment of indigenous peoples of the Americas by their Spanish conquerors opens at the Colegio de San Gregorio in Valladolid, Castile.::::::::: human rights

        -Chocolate is introduced to Europe.::::::::::::::::::;; species distribution

        -Altan Khan crosses the Great Wall of China and besieges Beijing, burning the suburbs.::::::::::::::::::: boundary crossing

        -The first grammatical description of the French language is published by Louis Maigret.:::::::::::::::::::language analysis

        -The first book in Slovene, Catechismus, written by Protestant reformer Primož Trubar, is printed in Schwäbisch Hall, Holy Roman Empire.[4]L::::::::::::::::::::::::::: language distribution

        -Nostradamus’ first almanac is written.::::::::::::::::prediction


        -The National University of San Marcos is founded in Lima (Peru), being the first officially established university in the Americas.::::::::::: schools established in network nodes

        -In Italy, Bartolomeo Eustachi completes his Tabulae anatomicae, presenting his discoveries on the structure of the inner ear and heart,[3] although, for fear of the Inquisition, it will not be published until 1714.:::::::::::::::::; interior discovery beyond barrier inward infrastructure

        -The xiii Bukes of Eneados of the famose Poete Virgill, the first complete translation of any major work of classical antiquity into one of the English languages, is published in London.::::::::::::::;; translation

        -fortifications, more schools established




    -10/28/1287—11/28/1308: Air Period:

sectarian sieges, invasions and multi directional disruption displacing peoples and stressing nobles and arms, the transition out of feudal societal organization and the reduction of noble wealth and power— break up of the previously established crusade states, climactic disruptions: floods, droughts, odd seasons, etc.

"""""""he Great Transition: Climate, Disease and Society in the 13th and 14th Centuries

Lectures by Bruce M. S. Campbell

A series of four lectures given at the University of Cambridge in February 2013

Lecture 1: The 14th century as tipping point: From one socio-ecological status quo to another

Lecture 2: The enabling environment: The Medieval Solar Maximum and Latin Christendom’s high-medieval efflorescence

Lecture 3: A precarious balance: Mounting economic vulnerability in an era of increasing climatic instability

Lecture 4: Disease intervenes: The Black Death and the ‘Great Transition’ to an alternative socio-ecological equilibrium"""


         -trans-Eurasian trade routes became ever more obstructed and constricted and transaction costs rose everywhere. The ensuing commercial recession bred agrarian congestion as non-agricultural sources of livelihood first stagnated and then contracted. These structural economic problems raised the numbers of households vulnerable to harvest failure at the very time that climate change was delivering increasingly unstable and extreme weather.

    {{{{The 13th century was the apex of medieval civilization. The classic formulations of Gothic architecture and sculpture were achieved. Many different kinds of social units proliferated, including guilds, associations, civic councils, and monastic chapters, each eager to obtain some measure of autonomy. The crucial legal concept of representation developed, resulting in the political assembly whose members had plena potestas—full power—to make decisions binding upon the communities that had selected them. Intellectual life, dominated by the Roman Catholic Church, culminated in the philosophical method of Scholasticism, whose preeminent exponent, St. Thomas Aquinas, achieved in his writings on Aristotle and the Church Fathers one of the greatest syntheses in Western intellectual history.

}}}}—Pluto Aqu period post medieval peak, transitionary time—- the period between the crusades and the climate crisis.


        The breakup of feudal structures, the strengthening of city-states in Italy, and the emergence of national monarchies in Spain, France, and England, as well as such cultural developments as the rise of secular education,


        -Year without winter – An exceptionally rare instance of uninterrupted transition, from autumn to the following spring, in England and the mainland of Western Europe.[11]::::::::::::::climate

        -1 – Charles of Valois, son of the late King Philip III (the Bold), is summoned to Italy by Pope Boniface VIII to restore peace between the Guelphs and Ghibellines. He enters Florence, and allows the Black (Neri) Guelphs to return to the city. Charles installs a new government under Cante dei Gabrielli as Chief Magistrate (podestà), leading to the permanent exile of Dante Alighieri, Italian poet and philosopher, from the city.[9]:::::::::::exile

        -The king, who sought an uncontested monarchy, compelled his upstart vassals by wars and restricted their feudal privileges, paving the way for the transformation of France from a feudal country to a centralized early modern state. Philip, seeking to reduce the wealth and power of the nobility and clergy, relied instead on skillful civil servants, such as Guillaume de Nogaret and Enguerrand de Marigny, to govern the kingdom.. Domestically, his reign was marked by struggles with the Jews and the Knights Templar. In heavy debt to both groups, Philip saw them as a "state within the state" and a recurring threat to royal power. In 1306 Philip expelled the Jews from France, followed by the total destruction of the Knights Templar the next year in 1307. ::::::::::::: break up of wealthy power holding nobles and exile of jews and concern over sectarianisms



    -2/4/1041—9/12/1063: Earth period:

        -sudden decline of Byzantine power and a rise of Norman domination over much of Europe

        -Christendom experienced a formal schism in this century which had been developing over previous centuries between the Latin West and Byzantine East, causing a split in its two largest denominations to this day: Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.

        -high point for both classical Chinese civilization, science and technology, and classical Islamic science, philosophy, technology and literature. Rival political factions at the Song dynasty court created strife amongst the leading statesmen and ministers of the empire

        -fragmented Abbasid realm

        -It saw the final Christianisation of Scandinavia and the emergence of the Peace and Truce of God movements, the Gregorian Reforms, and the Crusades which revitalised a church and a papacy that had survived tarnished by the tumultuous 10th century. In 1054, the Great Schism saw the political and religious culmination and a formal split between the Western and Eastern church.

        -a growth of population in urban centers gave rise to an early organized capitalism 



 -3/25/795—12/31/818: water into fire period

        -The Carolingian Renaissance and the Viking raids 

            -literature, writing, visual arts, architecture, music, jurisprudence, liturgical reforms, and scriptural studies.


-1/28/1994—4/7/1996: Jupiter in Scorpio—Sag—Cap: disarmament efforts, conflict dissolves, regulations lacking, world wide web, Waterdown culture, historical nostalgia, financial meltdown, hurricanes?, cult mass suicide, mass murder, same sex marriage, XTC

        -The Irish government announces the end of a 15-year broadcasting ban on the Provisional Irish Republican Army and its political arm Sinn Féin.::::::::: end restriction

        -January 14 – U.S. President Bill Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin sign the Kremlin accords, which stop the preprogrammed aiming of nuclear missiles toward each country's targets, and also provide for the dismantling of the nuclear arsenal in Ukraine.::::::::: dissolve program

        -Nine Inch Nails' second studio album, The Downward Spiral, is released to critical acclaim.::::::::::: 

        -The Church of England ordains its first female priests.:::::::::: loosen previous restrictions

        -Kurt Cobain, the lead singer of Nirvana, commits suicide at age 27 at his home in Seattle. His body was found three days later.::::::::::::;; disillusionment with cultural Waterdown

        -South Africa holds its first fully multiracial elections, marking the final end of the last vestiges of apartheid. Nelson Mandela wins the elections and is sworn in as the first democratically elected president the following month.::::::::::::::::: loosening restriction and division 

        -The Channel Tunnel, which took 15,000 workers more than seven years to complete, opens between England and France, enabling passengers to travel between the two countries in 35 minutes.::::::::::: cross border permeability

        -Nelson Mandela is inaugurated as South Africa's first black president.:::::::::: looosening restriction

        -The Flavr Savr, a genetically modified tomato, is deemed safe for consumption by the FDA, becoming the first commercially grown genetically engineered food to be granted a license for human consumption.::::::::::: loose regulations

        -Israel and the Vatican establish full diplomatic relations.::::::::: religious mixing

        -Cold War: the last Russian troops leave Germany.::::::::::: dissolve of conflict

        -Microsoft announces it will no longer sell or support the MS-DOS operating system separately from Microsoft Windows.::::::::::::::::: system dissolve

        -Jeff Bezos founds Amazon.::::::::::::::::; hmmm

        -Woodstock '94 begins in Saugerties, New York. It is the 25-year anniversary of Woodstock in 1969.::::::::::::::::: historical nostalgia

        -The release of the IBM Simon smartphone, being the first ever commercially available smartphone.:::::::::::::;notable

        -Russia and the People's Republic of China agree to de-target their nuclear weapons against each:::::::::::; conflict dissolve

        -Britain lifts the broadcasting ban imposed on Sinn Féin and paramilitary groups from Northern Ireland.::::::::; dissolve of restrictions

        -The World Wide Web Consortium is founded by Tim Berners-Lee, becoming the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web.::::::: world pisces, web Saturn

        -A letter by former U.S. President Ronald Reagan, announcing that he has Alzheimer's disease, is released.:::::::::::::::: history Saturn alzeimers pisces

        -WXYC, the student radio station of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, provides the world's first internet radio broadcast.::::::: global ambient structure

        -The initial release of Netscape Navigator, a web browser that will control the majority of the usage share for web browsers for the rest of the 1990s.:::::::::::::::: same

        -A planned exchange rate correction of the Mexican peso to the US dollar, becomes a massive financial meltdown in Mexico, unleashing the 'Tequila' effect on global financial markets. This prompts a US$50 billion "bailout" by the Clinton administration.:::::::::::: financial meltdown


        -The World Wide Web Consortium is founded by Tim Berners-Lee, becoming the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web.:::::::: world web

        -– In Switzerland, 23 members of the Order of the Solar Temple cult are found dead, a day after 25 of their fellow cultists are similarly discovered in Morin-Heights, Quebec.:::::::: cult ritual suicide to escape the world

        -Fred West, 53, a builder living in Gloucester, UK, is remanded in custody, charged with murdering 12 people (including two of his own daughters) whose bodies are mostly found buried at his house in Cromwell Street. His wife Rosemary West, 41, is charged with 10 murders.:::::::lack of restraint 

        -Civil unions between same-sex couples are legalized in Sweden.:::::: merging union

        -Online service America Online offers gateway to World Wide Web for the first time. This marked the beginning of easy accessibility of the Web to the average person in the U.S.:::::::::::::::::: world web access



    -The World Trade Organization (WTO) is established to replace the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).

    -Steve Fossett lands in Leader, Saskatchewan, Canada, becoming the first person to make a solo flight across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon.:::::::::;; ocean balloon record

    -Members of the doomsday cult Aum Shinrikyo carry out the Tokyo subway sarin attack, killing 14 people and leading to over a thousand injured. The attack remains the deadliest terrorist incident in Japanese history.::::::::::; doomsday cult

    -The Schengen Agreement, easing cross-border travel, goes into effect in several European countries.:::::::::::::; relaxed border regulations

    -American singer Selena is murdered by her fan club president, Yolanda Saldívar.::::::::::: obsession killing, lack of restraint

    -Oklahoma City bombing: 168 people, including eight federal Marshals and 19 children, are killed at the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building and 680 are wounded by a bomb set off by Timothy McVeigh.:::::::::::::::: lack of restraint

    -More than 170 countries agree to extend the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty indefinitely and without conditions.:::::::::::; disarment

    -The Dalai Lama proclaims 6-year-old Gedhun Choekyi Nyima as the 11th reincarnation of the Panchen Lama.:::::::::::::::::mystical structure

    -Following the Tokyo subway sarin attack two months earlier, Japanese police besiege the headquarters of Aum Shinrikyo near Mount Fuji and arrest cult leader Shoko Asahara. Further police operations result in over two hundred arrests and thirteen members of the cult, including Asahara, are sentenced to death.:::::::::::::::cult authority

    -Japanese police rescue 365 hostages from a hijacked All Nippon Airways Flight 857 (Boeing 747-200) at Hakodate airport. The hijacker was armed with a knife and demanded the release of Shoko Asahara.::::::::::::; cult demands

    -President Clinton announces the restoration of United States–Vietnam relations twenty years after the Vietnam War.::::::::: past relations

    -Srebrenica massacre: Units of the Army of Republika Srpska, under the command of General Ratko Mladić, enter Srebrenica with little resistance from Dutch peacekeepers of the United Nations Protection Force, going on to kill thousands of Bosniak men and boys and rape many women.::::::::::::::: lack of restraint

    -eBay is founded by Pierre Omidyar.:::::::::::: WWW

    -The Washington Post and The New York Times publish the Unabomber manifesto:::::::::::lack of restraint

    -O. J. Simpson is found not guilty of double murder for the deaths of former wife Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman.::::::::::: lack of authority

    -The Million Man March is held in Washington, D.C. The event was conceived by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan.:::::::::::::; mass protest

    -The first-ever full-length computer-animated feature film, Toy Story, is released by Pixar and Walt Disney Pictures.:::::::::::::::::; simulated construction

    -The United States Food and Drug Administration approved Saquinavir, the first protease inhibitor to treat HIV/AIDS. Within 2 years of its approval, annual deaths from AIDS in the United States fell from over 50,000 to approximately 18,000.[15]:::::::::::::; endemic dissolve

    -NASA's Galileo Probe enters Jupiter's atmosphere.::::: jupitarian boundary cross

    -The existence of the Top Quark is announced by the international scientific community.::::::::::::; largest known elementary particle, subtle reality structure



    -The North Cape oil spill occurs as an engine fire forces the tugboat Scandia ashore on Moonstone Beach in South Kingstown, Rhode Island. The North Cape Barge is pulled along with it and leaks 820,000 gallons of home heating oil.::::::::::::::: bad spill

        -An Indonesian ferry sinks off the northern tip of Sumatra, drowning more than 100 people.:::::::::::::same day, water problems

    -France undertakes its last nuclear weapons test.:::::::; disarmament

    -Colombo Central Bank bombing: an explosives-filled truck rams into the gates of the Central Bank in Colombo, Sri Lanka, killing at least 86 people and injuring 1,400.::::::::::::; big mortality

    -An IRA ceasefire ends with the Docklands bombing in London's Canary Wharf District, killing two people and causing over £85,000,000 worth of damage.::::::::::::::::: lack of limit





    -3/23/1964—3/3/1967: Jupiter Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer::: Pirate radio, arts, disarmament, crowds overwhelm authorities, last execution, world killing bombs, non violent resistance, free speech, big price heists, ships and sunk ships, civil rights dissolves segregation, worse hurricanes and flood, aids related medication, topless bikini, free (solar) energy, — authorities overwhelm people, recognition of war crimes and genocides, outerspace photography, grim messy chaos as Saturn opposes Uranus and Pluto, martial law, military surges, seaman strike, multiple martial law declarations, artificial and synthetic merging, skater-rasta cultural events, serial murderers, world systems expansion, cultural revolution: dissolve traditional elements, LSD, casino

        -Radio Caroline becomes the United Kingdom's first "Pirate" radio station, broadcasting from a ship anchored just outside UK territorial waters on the east coast.:::::::::::::::::::; station on water unauthorized

        -The Beatles hold the top 5 positions in the Billboard Top 40 singles in America, an unprecedented achievement. The top songs in America as listed on April 4, in order, are: "Can't Buy Me Love", "Twist and Shout", "She Loves You", "I Want to Hold Your Hand", and "Please Please Me”.:::::::::::::::::: holding all

        -At the 36th Academy Awards ceremony, Sidney Poitier becomes the first African-American to win an Academy Award in the category Best Actor in a Leading Role in Lilies of the Field.[18]:::::::::::::: boundarylessness

        -U.S. President Lyndon Johnson in New York, and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev in Moscow, simultaneously announce plans to cut back production of materials for making nuclear weapons.::::::::: disarmament

        -Nelson Mandela makes his "I Am Prepared to Die" speech at the opening of the Rivonia Trial, a key event for the anti-apartheid movement.[21]:::::::::::::::: no limits

        -Tanganyika and Zanzibar merge to form Tanzania.[25]:::::::::::::::::; merging governances

        -Some 400–1,000 students march through Times Square, New York, and another 700 in San Francisco, in the first major student demonstration against the Vietnam War. Smaller marches also occur in Boston, Seattle, and Madison, WI.::::::::::::::::::::: call for disarmament 

        -South Korean President Park Chung-hee declares martial law in Seoul, after 10,000 student demonstrators overpower police.:::::::::::::::::: police overwhelmed

        -Judith Graham Pool publishes her discovery of cryoprecipitate, a frozen blood clotting product made from plasma primarily to treat hemophiliacs around the world.[38]:::::::::; flow stop

        -Ranger program: Ranger 7 sends back the first close-up photographs of the Moon (images are 1,000 times clearer than anything ever seen from Earth-bound telescopes).:::::::::::::::::; enlarged surface

        -boats sunk Vietnam war::::::::::::: watercraft

        -A Rolling Stones gig in Scheveningen gets out of control. Riot police end the gig after about fifteen minutes, upon which spectators start to fight the riot police.[43]::::::::::::::::overwhelmed authorities

        -The last judicial hanging in the United Kingdom takes place when murderers Gwynne Owen Evans and Peter Anthony Allen are executed at Walton Prison in Liverpool.[44]::::::::::: last such punishment

        -Indian Hungry generation poets, including Malay Roy Choudhury, are arrested on charges of conspiracy against the state and obscenity in literature.[48]::::::::::: beyond previous societal limits in poetry art

        -The Warren Commission, the first official investigation of the assassination of United States President John F. Kennedy, submits its written report.[53]:::::::::::::; blurry investigation

        -Dr. Robert Moog demonstrates the prototype Moog synthesizer.[55]:::::::::::: synthesized sound system

        -Three thousand student activists at the University of California, Berkeley, surround and block a police car from taking a CORE volunteer arrested for not showing his ID, when he violated a ban on outdoor activist card tables. This protest eventually explodes into the Berkeley Free Speech Movement.::::::::::::::; people overwhelm authorities

        -The Shinkansen high-speed rail system, the world's first such system, is inaugurated in Japan, for the first sector between Tokyo and Osaka.::::::::::: beyond rail

        -Twenty-three men and thirty-one women escape to West Berlin through a narrow tunnel under the Berlin Wall.::::::::::::: permeable boundary

        -American civil rights movement leader Martin Luther King Jr. becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, which is awarded to him for leading non-violent resistance to end racial prejudice in the United States.:::::::::::::::::: non violent resistance

        -596 (nuclear test): The People's Republic of China explodes an atomic bomb in Sinkiang.:::::::::::::::: new player in death clouds—- kill the whole world:::: other nuclear tests etc.– Eric Edgar Cooke becomes the last man executed in Western Australia, for murdering 8 citizens in Perth between 1959 and 1963.:::::::::::::; last execution

        - Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States (379 US 241 1964): The U.S. Supreme Court rules that, in accordance with the Civil Rights Act of 1964, establishments providing public accommodation must refrain from racial discrimination.::::::::::::; dissolved divisions

        -The Christmas flood of 1964 begins in the United States, affecting the Pacific Northwest and some of Northern California. It will continue until January 7, resulting in 19 deaths, serious damage to buildings, roads and bridges, and the loss of 4,000 head of livestock.[63]

        -Wonderful Radio London becomes the United Kingdom's fourth "Pirate" radio station, broadcasting from MV Galaxy (a former US Navy minesweeper) anchored off the east coast of England, with an American-style Top 40 ("Fab 40") playlist of popular records.::::::::::: non authorized floating radio station

        -Jerome Horwitz synthesizes zidovudine (AZT), an antiviral drug which will later be used in treating HIV.[69]:::::::::::::: interesting HIV medication next Saturn Pisces period also

        -Farrington Daniels becomes an early advocate of solar energy in his book Direct Use of the Sun's Energy, published by Yale University Press in the United States.[70]:::::::::::: free energy

    1965: Saturn opposite Uranus and Pluto

        -The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland and the Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland meet for the first time in 43 years.:::::::::::; comingling

        -Malcolm X is gunned down while giving a speech at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem.::::::::::::: leadership dissolve

        -"Bloody Sunday": Some 200 Alabama State Troopers attack 525 civil rights demonstrators in Selma, Alabama, as they attempt to march to the state capitol of Montgomery.::::::::::::: authorities overwhelm people

        -Events of March 23, 1965: Large student demonstration in Morocco, joined by discontented masses, meets with violent police and military repression.:::::::::;; authorities overwhelm people

        -Martin Luther King Jr. and 25,000 civil rights activists successfully end the 4-day march from Selma, Alabama, to the capitol in Montgomery.:::::::::::: sea of people

        -U.S. spacecraft Mariner 4 flies by Mars, becoming the first spacecraft to return images from the Red Planet.::::::::::::::::;; space photography

        -War on Poverty: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.::::::::::::; war of empathic idealism

        -U.S. President Johnson signs a law penalizing the burning of draft cards with up to 5 years in prison and a $1,000 fine.::::::::::::::; authority dissolve

        -lots of global mess

        -Tens of thousands of Vietnam War protesters picket the White House, then march on the Washington Monument.:::::::::::::::: sea of protest

        -The United Nations adopts the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.:::::::::::::; dissolving racial separation

        -The unmanned Soviet Luna 9 spacecraft makes the first controlled rocket-assisted landing on the Moon.:::::::::::::::; unmanned

        Paul Van Doren establishes the Vans shoe company in California.::::::::::::::; loose culture

        -Luna 10 is the first manmade object to enter lunar orbit.::::::::::::::; synthetic

        -An artificial heart is installed in the chest of Marcel DeRudder in a Houston, Texas, hospital.:::::::::::::::; artificial system

        -Haile Selassie visits Jamaica for the first time, meeting with Rasta leaders.:::::::::::: culture

        -Regular hovercraft service begins over the English Channel (discontinued in 2000).:::::::::::::: aquatic transportation system

        - Tens of thousands of anti-war demonstrators again picket the White House, then rally at the Washington Monument.:::::: sea of disarmament calls

        -A strike is called by the National Union of Seamen in the United Kingdom.[14]

:::::::::::::::::::::: sea strike

        -Fidel Castro declares martial law in Cuba because of a possible U.S. attack.::::::::::::: no restrictions for government

        -serial murderers ::::::::::; no restraint (Ian Brady-myra hindley, Gertrude Baniszewski, Richard Speck, Charles Whitman, Albert DeSalvo

        -Boat ride "It's a Small World" opens at Disneyland.::::::::::: world as whole

        -Surveyor program: Surveyor 1 lands in Oceanus Procellarum on the Moon, becoming the first U.S. spacecraft to soft-land on another world.::::::::::::::::; leave world

        -The Vatican abolishes the Index Librorum Prohibitorum.:::::::::::: restriction dissolved

        -Groundbreaking takes place for the World Trade Center in New York City.:::::::::::; world system expansion

        -cultural revolution::::::::::::::: dissolve traditional elements

        -“more popular than Jesus” :::::::::::::; rock dissolves christianity

        -LSD is made illegal in the United States and controlled so strictly that not only are possession and recreational use criminalized, but all legal scientific research programs on the drug in the country are shut down as well.:::::::::::::::::::: perception dissolving society melting substance, 

        -Walt Disney records his final filmed appearance prior to his death, detailing his plans for EPCOT, a utopian planned city to be built in Florida.::::::::::: utopian fantasy city

        -Screen actor Ronald Reagan is elected Governor of California.::::::::::::: fantasy reality

        -Two young couples in Point Pleasant, West Virginia reportedly see a strange moth-like creature, which would become known as the Mothman.:::::::::::::; supernatural conspiracy source

        -Surrounding Scorpio SN eclipse conjunct Venus:

        Walt Disney records his final filmed appearance prior to his death, detailing his plans for EPCOT, a utopian planned city to be built in Florida.


Main article: November 1966

Flag of Barbados:::: Neptune flag basically

November 1 – The National Football League in the United States awards its sixteenth franchise to the city of New Orleans. The team will be named the New Orleans Saints.

November 2 – The Cuban Adjustment Act comes into force, allowing 123,000 Cubans the opportunity to apply for permanent residency in the United States.

November 4 – 1966 flood of the Arno river in Italy hits Florence, flooding it to a maximum depth of 6.7 m (22 ft), leaving thousands homeless and destroying millions of masterpieces of art and rare books. In addition, a severe tidal flood hits Venice.

November 5 – Thirty-eight African states demand that the United Kingdom use force against the Rhodesian government.

November 6 – Lunar Orbiter 2 is launched.

November 8 – Screen actor Ronald Reagan is elected Governor of California.

November 10 – Seán Lemass retires as Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland to be replaced in the role by fellow Fianna Fáil member Jack Lynch.

November 11

A mine kills 3 Israeli paratroopers on the West Bank border.

Spain declares general amnesty for crimes committed during the Spanish Civil War, effective only for the Falangists' side.

November 12 – Total solar eclipse occurs, the 20th solar eclipse of Solar Saros 142.

November 14 – Jack L. Warner sells Warner Bros. to Seven Arts Productions, which eventually becomes Warner Bros.-Seven Arts.

November 15

Gemini 12 (James A. Lovell, Buzz Aldrin) splashes down safely in the Atlantic Ocean, 600 km (370 mi) east of the Bahamas.

A Boeing 727 freighter on Pan Am Flight 708 crashes near Berlin, Germany, killing all three crew on board.

Two young couples in Point Pleasant, West Virginia reportedly see a strange moth-like creature, which would become known as the Mothman.

November 17

The U.N. General Assembly decides to found the United Nations Industrial Development Organization.

A spectacular Leonid meteor shower passes over Arizona, at the rate of 2,300 a minute for 20 minutes.

November 21 – In Togo, the army crushes an attempted coup.

November 24

The Beatles begin recording sessions for their Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album at Abbey Road Studios in London.[28]

TABSO Flight 101, from Sofia, Bulgaria, crashes near Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, killing all 82 people on board.[29]


        -Truman Capote's Black and White Ball ('The Party of the Century') is held in New York City.:::::::::::::: costume party

        -In or about this year, one person returning to Haiti from the Congo is thought to have first brought HIV to the Americas.[31]::::::::::::::;; AIDs pisces?

        -The Human Be-In takes place in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco; the event sets the stage for the Summer of Love.::::::::::::::: psychadelic etc. culture

        -The United States, Soviet Union and United Kingdom sign the Outer Space Treaty (ratified by USSR May 19; comes into force October 10), prohibiting weapons of mass destruction from space.::::::::::: disarmament, world expansion

        -Ronald Ryan becomes the last man hanged in Australia, for murdering a guard while escaping from prison in December 1965.:::::::::::: last execution



    -2/14/1935—1/14/1938: Jupiter in Scorpio, Sag, Cap, Aqu: no restraint, nazi non recognition of rules, coups dissolve leadership, environmental blot out, conservative religious visions, epic official fantasy party, intoxication limit, worst hurricane, water boundary, stream system, tower phase out, military retreat, phony vote, unions, population control, synthetic radioactivity, Hitler's expansionist plans, deadly weather, train of the stars, luxury ocean liner, photography system, ambient pressure recognition, helicopter, axis powers disorganized commingling, worse flood, monarchic dissolve, big bridges, naval mutiny, radio remote education, big gas explosion, concerned religious leaders, large massacres


        -Richard Hauptmann is convicted and sentenced to death for the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh Jr. in the United States.:::::::::::::::: no restraint

        -February 15 – The discovery and clinical development of Prontosil, the first broadly effective antibiotic, is published in a series of articles by Gerhard Domagk and others in Germany's pre-eminent medical journal, Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift.[5]::::::::::::::::: notable

February 26

        -In Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler orders reinstatement of the air force, the Luftwaffe, in violation of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles.:::::::::::::::::: no rules

        -Robert Watson-Watt first demonstrates the use of radar to detect aircraft, at Daventry in the UK.[6]::::::::::::::::::::::; remote detection

        -1935 Greek coup d'état attempt: Nikolaos Plastiras, Anastasios Papoulas and other Venizelists lead a coup against the People's Party government in Greece. The attempt is suppressed by March 11, and the leaders condemned to death for treason.::::::::::: leadership dissolved

        -Adolf Hitler announces German re-armament in violation of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles.:::::::::::: no rules

        -The world's first regular television program (by Fernsehsender Paul Nipkow) is transmitted from the Funkturm in Berlin, Germany.[8]:::::::::::: simulated system

        -Dust Bowl: "Black Sunday", the great dust storm in the United States hits eastern New Mexico and Colorado, and western Oklahoma the hardest (it will be made famous by Woody Guthrie, in his "dust bowl ballads”).::::::::::::::::::: blot out

        -Sun Myung Moon, a teenage Presbyterian convert in Korea under Japanese rule, claims to have a revelation from Jesus, telling him to complete his mission from almost 2,000 years ago.:::::::: conservative religious vision

        -William Christian Bullitt Jr., the United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union, hosts the elaborately prepared Spring Ball of the Full Moon, which is said to have surpassed all other embassy parties in Moscow's history.:::::::::::::::; fantasy party

        -In Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler announces the reintroduction of conscription to the Wehrmacht, in violation of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles.[12]:::::::::::::: no limits for authority, romantic authoritarian limitless dream

            -Saturn opposite Neptune

            -Uranus in Taurus—

        -Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio, United States, by William G. Wilson and Dr. Robert Smith.::::::::::: intoxication limit

        -The Government of India Act is passed by the British Parliament, making provision for the establishment of a "Federation of India" and a degree of autonomy.[16]:::::::::::: free of British rule

        -1935 Labor Day hurricane: The strongest hurricane ever to strike the United States landfalls in the Upper Florida Keys as a Category 5 storm with 185 mph winds, killing 423.:::::::::::::: worst hurricane

        -The Nuremberg Laws go into effect in Germany, removing citizenship from Jews.:::::::::::: loss of status

        -U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates the Hoover Dam.::::::::: water boundary

        -The London and North Eastern Railway commences the Silver Jubilee, Britain's first streamline train service.:::::::: stream train

        -A tornado destroys the 160 metre tall wooden radio tower in Langenberg, Germany. As a result of this catastrophe, wooden radio towers are phased out.[22]::::::::::::; tower phase out

        -The Chinese Communist Party settles in Shaanxi after the Long March.:::::::::: military retreat

        -A Greek monarchy referendum is held by self-proclaimed Regent Georgios Kondylis. Almost 98% of the votes favor restoration of the monarchy, although the referendum's integrity is dubious.[24]:::::::::::::: phony vote

        -A dozen labor union leaders come together to announce the creation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), an organization charged with promoting the cause of industrial unionism in North America.::::::::::::: union

        -The flying boat China Clipper takes off from Alameda, California, to deliver the first airmail cargo across the Pacific Ocean; on November 29 the aircraft reaches its final destination, Manila, and delivers over 110,000 pieces of mail.::::::::::::: air mail, global system

        -The Lebensborn program in support of Nazi eugenics is founded by Heinrich Himmler in Germany.::::::::::::: population control

        -In Germany, Regina Jonas becomes the first woman ever to receive semikhah (ordination) as a rabbi within Judaism. She will be killed in Auschwitz concentration camp in 1944[31] and the next such ordination will be in 1972.:::::::::::::: first female rabbi

        -George V of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India, dies at his Sandringham Estate. The Prince of Wales succeeds to the throne of the United Kingdom as King Edward VIII.::::::::::::; monarch dissolve

        -Radium E (bismuth-210) becomes the first radioactive element to be made synthetically.:::::::::::: synthetic radio active

        -Construction of Hoover Dam is completed in the United States.::::::::: water wall


        -note: “Hitler and other Nazis later admit that the French army alone could have destroyed the Wehrmacht.[3]”

        -A tornado hits Tupelo, Mississippi, killing 216 people and injuring over 700 (the 4th deadliest tornado in U.S. history).::::::::: deadly weather

        -British luxury liner RMS Queen Mary leaves Southampton on her maiden voyage across the Atlantic.:::::::: luxury ocean liner transatlantic

        -The 1936 Summer Olympics open in Berlin, Germany, and mark the first live television coverage of an international sports event in world history (John Logie Baird had previously broadcast the Derby horse race in Britain in 1931).:::::::::::::: photography system etc

        -First publication recognizing stress as a biological condition.[7][8]:::::::::::: ambient pressure -


            -noteJune 19 – The total solar eclipse of June 19, 1936 is visible in Greece, Turkey, Russia and Japan. It is part of Solar Saros 126; Gamma is a value of 0.53889.::::::: July 17: :The Spanish Army of Africa launches a coup d'état against the Second Spanish Republic, beginning the Spanish Civil War.


        -Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first fully controllable helicopter, makes its maiden flight.::::::: hover and go everywhere flight

        -women in aviation

        -1936 Naval Revolt (Portugal): The crews of Portuguese Navy frigate NRP Afonso de Albuquerque and destroyer Dão mutiny while anchored in Lisbon Harbour. Opposed to the Salazar dictatorship's support of General Franco's coup in Spain, they declare their solidarity with the Second Spanish Republic.[9]:::::::::::: naval mutiny

        -In response to a polio outbreak, Chicago Public Schools launches a distance education program which constitutes the first large-scale use of radio broadcasts to facilitate distance education.[10]::::::::::::: remote education

        -seph Stalin's Great Purge begins in the Soviet Union.::::::::::: removal

        -The Rome-Berlin Axis is formed.::::::::::: combined powers

        -In California, the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge opens to traffic.:::::::::: water arch

        -Edward VIII abdication crisis::::::::::::: monarchic dissolve

        -Water levels begin to rise in the Ohio River in the United States, leading to the Ohio River flood of 1937, which continues into February, leaving 1 million people homeless and 385 people dead.[1]:::::::: worse flood

        -The encyclical Mit brennender Sorge ("With burning concern") of Pope Pius XI is published in Germany in the German language. Largely the work of Cardinals von Faulhaber and Pacelli, it condemns breaches of the 1933 Reichskonkordat agreement signed between the Nazi government and the Catholic Church, and criticises Nazism's views on race and other matters incompatible with Catholicism.::::::::::::::: religious concern of compassionate ideals

        -New London School explosion: In the worst school disaster in American history in terms of lives lost, the New London School in New London, Texas, suffers a catastrophic natural gas explosion, killing in excess of 295 students and teachers. Mother Frances Hospital opens in Tyler, Texas, a day ahead of schedule, in response to the explosion.:::::::::::: gbiggest as explosion

        -Walt Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the world's first feature-length animated film, premieres at the Carthay Circle Theatre in Los Angeles.::::::::::: fantasy production



    -4/13/1905—3/19/1908: religious freedom, largest ship, execute everyone, abolish execution, mind expansion, casino, naval battle, colloidal biology, naval technology, numbing drug, coal mine explosions, color over realism in painting, Xerox, earthquake typhoon tsunami, rights of women, political imposter, fake leader, submarines, radio, cinema, liquid earth, ships sunk, masses of people, population expansion, stolen jewels, airwave communication, financial meltdown, -sodas and supermarkets, largest ship sinks, first times square ball drop, boy scouts: utilitarian romanticism, circumnavigations and around the world car race, childrens encyclopedia: soft knowledge

        -– Russia's Tsar Nicholas II issued a decree granting religious freedom to his subjects.[27]::::::::::::::::: no religious boundaries

        April 20 – The largest ocean liner in the world at the time, the German cruiser SS Amerika is launched.[28]::::::::::::::::::::::::: ocean liner

        April 23 – German General Lothar von Trotha commander of troops in Germany's colony of Südwestafrika (now Namibia), orders the extermination of the Nama people within the colony's borders, ultimately killing 10,000.[29] Von Trotha's proclamation Aan de oorlogvorende Namastamme, proclaimed that "The Nama who chooses not to surrender and lets himself be seen in German territory will be shot, until all are exterminated.”[30]:::::::::::: kill everyone

        April 24 – China's Empress Regent Cixi (Tzu Hsi) abolishes further use in executions of the nation's three most cruel torture execution methods, lingchi ("death by a thousand cuts"), gibbeting (similar to crucifixion, hanging until dying of exposure, thirst or starvation), and desecration of a dying person.[31]::::::::::::::::::abolish execution

        April 30 – Albert Einstein completes his doctoral dissertation, A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions (submitted July 30 to the University of Zurich).:::::::::::::mind expansion

        -Albert Einstein submits for publication his paper "Über die von der molekularkinetischen Theorie der Wärme geforderte Bewegung von in ruhenden Flüssigkeiten suspendierten Teilchen" ("On the Motion of Small Particles Suspended in a Stationary Liquid, as Required by the Molecular Kinetic Theory of Heat"), based on his doctoral research, delineating a stochastic model of Brownian motion.::::::::::::: theoretical physics

        -The Natural History Museum in London unveils its popular exhibit of "Dippy", an exact replica of the skeleton of the Diplodocus carnegii dinosaur.:::::::::: giant skeletal replica

        -Las Vegas, Nevada, is founded when 110 acres (45 ha) of land adjacent to the Union Pacific Railroad tracks are auctioned to what is now today Downtown Las Vegas.[34]::::::::::: fantasy place

        -Brooklyn Superbas pitcher Elmer Stricklett introduced the "spitball" to major league baseball. [38]::::::::: deceptive ball via fluid

        -hormone introduced

        -The Ancient Order of Druids initiates neo-Druidic rituals at Stonehenge in England.:::::::::: mystical ritual

        -Fauvist artists, led by Henri Matisse and André Derain, first exhibit their works, at the Salon d'Automne in Paris.::::::::: color over realism

        -Alfred Einhorn introduces novocaine.::::: no feeling



        -HMS Dreadnought is launched, sparking a naval race between Britain and Germany.::::::::::::; naval technology

        -coal mine explosions

        -Mahatma Gandhi coins the term Satyagraha, to characterize the nonviolence movement in South Africa.::::::::: non violence


        -The Grand Duchy of Finland becomes the first nation to include the right of women to stand as candidates, when it adopts universal suffrage.:::::: rights of women

        -Imposter Wilhelm Voigt impersonates a Prussian officer, and takes over the city hall in Köpenick for a short time.::::::::::: political imposter, fake leader

        -Reginald Fessenden makes the first radio broadcast: a poetry reading, a violin solo, and a speech, from Brant Rock, Massachusetts.::::::: remote broadcast

        -The world's first feature film, The Story of the Kelly Gang, is first shown, at the Melbourne Athenaeum in Australia.::::::: cinema

        -The BCG vaccine for tuberculosis is first developed.::::::: ?

        -Richard Oldham argues that the Earth has a molten interior.::::::::::::::::::: liquid earth



        -At the opening of the new State Duma in Saint Petersburg, Russia, 40,000 demonstrators are dispersed by Russian troops.::::::::::::::::: sea of people, protest

        -Today is the all-time busiest day of immigration to the United States through Ellis Island;[4] this will be the busiest year ever seen here, with 1.1 million immigrants arriving.[5]:::::::::::::::::: mass amount of people, population expansion (Jupiter in cancer conjunct Neptune opposite Uranus in Capricorn)

        -stolen jewels

        -October 17 – Guglielmo Marconi initiates commercial transatlantic radio communications between his high power longwave wireless telegraphy stations in Clifden, Ireland, and Glace Bay, Nova Scotia.::::::::::::::: airwave communication

        -A major United States financial crisis is averted when J. P. Morgan, E. H. Harriman, James Stillman, Henry Clay Frick and other Wall Street financiers create a $25,000,000 pool to invest in the shares on the plunging New York Stock Exchange, ending the bank panic of 1907.[7]:::::::::::::; from Jupiters position likely, financial meltdown

        -sodas and supermarkets, largest ship sinks, first times square ball drop, 

        -Robert Baden-Powell's Scouting for Boys begins publication in London. The book eventually sells over 100 million copies, and effectively begins the worldwide Boy Scout movement.:::::::::::::::: utilitarian romanticism

        -he Children's Encyclopædia begins publication in London.::::::::::: soft knowledge




    -3/3/1989: Cap

        -breech of Berlin Wall and dissolution of soviet union

        -A geomagnetic storm causes the collapse of the Hydro-Québec power grid. 6,000,000 people are left without power for nine hours. Some areas in the northeastern U.S. and in Sweden also lose power, and aurorae are seen as far as Texas.

        -Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke weeps on national television as he admits marital infidelity.

        -Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann announce that they have achieved cold fusion at the University of Utah.

        -Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann announce that they have achieved cold fusion at the University of Utah.

        Exxon Valdez oil spill: In Alaska's Prince William Sound, the Exxon Valdez spills 240,000 barrels (38,000 m3) of oil after running aground.

        -Gun control: U.S. President George H. W. Bush bans the importation of certain guns deemed assault weapons into the United States.

        -– Iran breaks off diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom over Salman Rushdie's The Satanic Verses.

        -March 9 – Revolutions of 1989: The Soviet Union submits to the jurisdiction of the World Court.

        -March 12 – Tim Berners-Lee produces the proposal document that will become the blueprint for the World Wide Web.[9]

    -11/21/1952: Lib

        -Nuclear testing and Operation Ivy: The United States successfully detonates the first hydrogen bomb, codenamed "Mike", at Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands in the central Pacific Ocean, with a yield of 10.4 megatons.

        -The first successful sex reassignment surgery is performed in Copenhagen, making George Jorgensen Jr. become Christine Jorgensen.

        -The first successful surgical separation of Siamese twins is conducted in Mount Sinai Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio.



    -1/31/1917: Leo

        -The United States ends its search for Pancho Villa.

        -– Pershing's troops in Mexico begin withdrawing back to the United States. They reach Columbus, New Mexico February 5.

        -WWI: Atlantic U-boat Campaign: Germany announces its U-boats will resume unrestricted submarine warfare, rescinding the 'Sussex Pledge'.

        -February 3 – WWI: The United States severs diplomatic relations with Germany.

        -– WWI: Walter Hines Page, United States ambassador to the United Kingdom, is shown the intercepted Zimmermann Telegram, in which Germany offers to give the American Southwest back to Mexico, if Mexico will take sides with Germany, in case the United States declares war on Germany.

    -5/12/1882: Taurus

        -Old West outlaw Jesse James is shot in the back of the head and killed by Robert Ford in St. Joseph, Missouri.

        -May 2 – The Kilmainham Treaty, an agreement between the British government and Irish nationalist leader Charles Stewart Parnell to abate tenant rent arrears, is announced; Parnell is released from Kilmainham Gaol in Dublin.

        -May 6 – Phoenix Park Murders in Ireland: Lord Frederick Cavendish, the newly appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland, and Thomas Henry Burke, his Permanent Undersecretary, are fatally stabbed in Phoenix Park, Dublin, by members of the Irish National Invincibles (militant Irish republicans).

        -May 8 – The Chinese Exclusion Act is the first important law which restricts immigration into the United States.

        -May 20 – The Triple Alliance is formed between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy.


        -Ferdinand von Lindemann publishes his proof of the transcendentality of pi.



        -The Food and Agriculture Organization announces the eradication of the cattle plague rinderpest from the world.[43]::::::::::: cattle improvement

        -The planet Neptune completes its first orbit since it was discovered in 1846.[45]::::::::::: full oscillation

        -The United Nations declares a famine in southern Somalia, the first in over 30 years.[49]::::::::::: coherence of resources

        -Stock exchanges worldwide suffer heavy losses due to the fears of contagion of the European sovereign debt crisis and the credit rating downgraded as a result of the debt-ceiling crisis of the United States.[55][56]:::::::::::::::::::: stocks coherence

August 5

NASA announces that its Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has captured photographic evidence of possible liquid water on Mars during warm seasons.:::::::::::::::; resource cooherence

        -After an emergency meeting in Brussels, the European Union announces an agreement to tackle the European sovereign debt crisis which includes a writedown of 50% of Greek bonds, a recapitalisation of European banks and an increase of the bailout fund of the European Financial Stability Facility totaling to €1 trillion.[85][86]:::::::::::: fix economic problem

        -heavy snowfalls:::::::::; weather weight

        -Greek government-debt crisis: Eurozone finance ministers reach an agreement on a second, €130-billion Greek bailout.[7]



        -copresent Saturn

        -NASA launches the Terra platform into orbit, carrying five Earth Observation instruments, including ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS and MOPITT.::::::::::; earth coherence

        -A new class of composite material is fabricated, which has a combination of physical properties never before seen in a natural or man-made material.[15][16]

        -– A preliminary draft of genomes, as part of the Human Genome Project, is finished. It is announced at the White House by President Clinton.[20]

        -dot com bubble peak end of 17 year bull market



        -In the United States, the First Republic Bank of Texas fails and enters FDIC receivership, the largest FDIC assisted bank failure in history.[16]

        -NASA scientist James Hansen testifies to the U.S. Senate that man-made global warming has begun, becoming one of the first environmentalists to warn of the problem.[22]

        -The Soviet Union votes to end the CPSU's monopoly on economic and other non-political power and to further economic changes towards a less rigidly Marxist-Leninist economy.[28]

        -The first extrasolar planet, Gamma Cephei Ab



        3/26/76-The Body Shop, the retail chain for skin care products and cosmetics founded by Anita Roddick, opens its first branch in Brighton, England.[2]

        -Viking program: Viking 2 enters into orbit around Mars.

        -Viking program: The Viking 2 spacecraft lands at Utopia Planitia on Mars, taking the first close-up color photographs of the planet's surface.



        -Facebook right before this cycle

        -many earthquakes this cycle

        -The Boston Red Sox win the World Series for the sixth time after completing a sweep of the St. Louis Cardinals. It was their first championship since 1918.:::: eclipse visible during the game, reverse the curse, homeopathic plan etc

        -October 29 – European heads of state sign in Rome the Treaty and Final Act, establishing the first European Constitution.[38]

        -A team of explorers reach the bottom of Krubera Cave, the world's deepest cave, with a depth of 2,080 meters (6,824 feet).[36]

        -The Orange Revolution begins, following a disputed presidential election in Ukraine where Viktor Yanukovych won against Viktor Yushchenko amid accusations of electoral fraud. A revote results in Yushchenko being declared the winner.[41]

        -December 8 – Former Pantera guitarist Dimebag Darrell is murdered on stage, at the Alrosa Villa, in Columbus, Ohio.

        -The 9.1–9.3 Mw  Indian Ocean earthquake shakes northern Sumatra with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). One of the largest observed tsunamis follows, affecting coastal areas of Thailand, India, Sri Lanka, Somalia, the Maldives, Malaysia, Myanmar, Bangladesh, and Indonesia, killing over 200,000 people.[44]

        -Pope John Paul II dies; over four million people travel to the Vatican to mourn him.[12][13][14] Pope Benedict XVI succeeds him on April 19, becoming the 265th pope.[15][16]

        -April 23 – The first ever YouTube video is uploaded, titled Me at the zoo.[18]:::::::::: called you and first video titled me

        -Controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten, sparking outrage and violent riots by Muslims around the world.[40]

        -he 7.6 Mw Kashmir earthquake strikes Azad Kashmir, Pakistan and nearby areas with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing more than 86,000 people and displacing several million more

        -The trial of Saddam Hussein begins.[43]

        -Andrew Stimpson, a 25-year-old Scottish man, is reported as the first person proven to have been 'cured' of HIV.[47]

November 22

        -Ellen Johnson Sirleaf wins the Liberian general election, making her the first democratically elected female head of state in Africa.[50]

        -Angela Merkel assumes office as the first female Chancellor of Germany.[48]

        -Scientists announce that they have created mice with small numbers of human neurons in an effort to make realistic models of neurological

        -– Microblogging and social networking service website Twitter launched.

        -The Human Genome Project publishes the final chromosome sequence, in Nature

        -Montenegro declares its independence from Serbia and Montenegro after a May 21 referendum and becomes a sovereign state. Two days later, the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro officially disbands after Serbia declares its independence as well, ending an 88-year union between the two states[25] and leaving Serbia as the successor country to the union.[26][27]

        -Israel launches an offensive in the Gaza Strip in response to rocketfire by Hamas into Israeli territory.[30]




        -Sector Kanda: Communist Party of Nepal (Mashal) cadres attack a number of police stations in Kathmandu, seeking to incite a popular rebellion.

        -1986 Berlin discotheque bombing: The West Berlin discothèque La Belle, a known hangout for United States soldiers, is bombed, killing three and injuring 230; Libya is held responsible.

        -Pope John Paul II officially visits the Great Synagogue of Rome, the first time a modern Pope has visited a synagogue.

    April 13 – The first child born to a non-related surrogate mother is born.[9]

    -The United Kingdom and the Kingdom of the Netherlands sign a peace treaty, thus ending the Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years' War, one of the longest wars in human history.

        -An alleged state of war lasting 335 years between the Netherlands and the Isles of Scilly declared peace bringing an end to any hypothetical war that may have been legally considered to exist.

    -Chernobyl disaster: A mishandled safety test at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Pripyat, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union "killed at least 4,056 people and damaged almost $7 billion of property".[11] Radioactive fallout from the accident is concentrated near Belarus, Ukraine and Russia and at least 350,000 people are forcibly resettled away from these areas. After the accident, "traces of radioactive deposits unique to Chernobyl were in nearly every country in the northern hemisphere”.[11]

    -Top gun released

    -U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs the Goldwater–Nichols Act into law, making official the largest reorganization of the United States Department of Defense since the Air Force was made a separate branch of service in 1947.

October 3 – TASCC, a superconducting cyclotron, officially opens at Chalk River Laboratories. A hybrid solar eclipse was visible off the coast of Iceland, and was the 53rd solar eclipse of Solar Saros 124.

    -Cold War: Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Reykjavík, Iceland, to continue discussions about scaling back their intermediate missile arsenals in Europe, which end in failure.[24]

    -Iran–Contra affair: The Lebanese magazine Ash-Shiraa reports that the United States has been selling weapons to Iran in secret, in order to secure the release of 7 American hostages held by pro-Iranian groups in Lebanon.

    -Iran-Contra Affair: National Security Council member Oliver North and his secretary, Fawn Hall, start shredding documents implicating them in selling weapons to Iran and channeling the proceeds to help fund the Contra rebels in Nicaragua.

    -The World Wrestling Federation (later WWE) produces WrestleMania III from the Pontiac Silverdome in Pontiac, Michigan. The event is particularly notable for the record attendance of 93,173, the largest recorded attendance for a live indoor sporting event in North America until February 14, 2010, when the 2010 NBA All-Star Game has an attendance of 108,713 at AT&T Stadium.

    -The World Wrestling Federation (later WWE) produces WrestleMania III from the Pontiac Silverdome in Pontiac, Michigan. The event is particularly notable for the record attendance of 93,173, the largest recorded attendance for a live indoor sporting event in North America until February 14, 2010, when the 2010 NBA All-Star Game has an attendance of 108,713 at AT&T Stadium.

    -The governments of the Portuguese Republic and the People's Republic of China sign an agreement in which Macau will be returned to China in 1999.

    -April 19 – The Simpsons cartoon first appears as a series of shorts on The Tracey Ullman Show.

    -The United States Department of Justice declares incumbent Austrian president Kurt Waldheim an "undesirable alien”.

    -Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the Provincial Premiers agree on principle to the Meech Lake Accord which would bring Quebec into the constitution.

    -Klaus Barbie goes on trial in Lyon for war crimes committed during World War II.

    -Pope John Paul II arrives in San Francisco for his first visit to the city, in which he embraces several AIDS sufferers, including an infected child, and proclaims abstinence from illicit sex and drugs are the two main ways to avoid infection.[14]

    -The Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement is reached but still requires ratification. This agreement would be a precursor to NAFTA.

    October 6 – Fiji becomes a republic.

    October 7 – Sikh nationalists declare the independence of Khalistan from India.

    October 15 – In Burkina Faso, a military coup is orchestrated by Blaise Compaoré against incumbent President Thomas Sankara.[15]

    October 16: aftermath of the Great Storm of 1987.

    October 15–16 – Great Storm of 1987: Hurricane-force winds hit much of southern England, killing 23 people.

    October 19

    Black Monday: Stock market levels fall sharply on Wall Street and around the world.

    US warships destroy two Iranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf.

    Two commuter trains collide head-on on the outskirts of Jakarta, Indonesia; 102 are killed.

    October 22

    The pilot of a British Aerospace BAE Harrier GR5 registered ZD325 accidentally ejects from his aircraft. The jet continues to fly until it runs out of fuel and crashes into the Irish Sea.[16]



        -Apollo program

        -Vietnam War – My Lai Massacre: American troops kill scores of civilians. The story will first become public in November 1969 and will help undermine public support for the U.S. efforts in Vietnam.


    -March 18 – Gold standard: The United States Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back U.S. currency.

    -March 19–23 – Afrocentrism, Black Power, Vietnam War: Students at Howard University in Washington, D.C., signal a new era of militant student activism on college campuses in the U.S. Students stage rallies, protests and a 5-day sit-in, laying siege to the administration building, shutting down the university in protest over its ROTC program and the Vietnam War, and demanding a more Afrocentric curriculum.

    -March 22 – Daniel Cohn-Bendit ("Danny the Red") and 7 other students occupy the administrative offices of the University of Nanterre, setting in motion a chain of events that lead France to the brink of revolution in May.

    -March 24 – Aer Lingus Flight 712 crashes en route from Cork to London near Tuskar Rock, Wexford, killing 61 passengers and crew.

    -March 28 – Brazilian high school student Edson Luís de Lima Souto is shot by the police in a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students. The aftermath of his death is one of the first major events against the military dictatorship.

    -April 2 – Bombs explode at midnight in two department stores in Frankfurt-am-Main; Andreas Baader and Gudrun Ensslin are later arrested and sentenced for arson.

    -April 4

    Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.: Martin Luther King Jr. is shot dead at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. King-assassination riots erupt in major American cities, lasting for several days afterwards.

    -A shootout between Black Panthers and police in Oakland, California, results in several arrests and deaths, including 17-year-old Panther Bobby Hutton.

    -Paris student riots: One million march through the streets of Paris.

    -Josef Bachmann tries to assassinate Rudi Dutschke, leader of the left-wing movement (APO) in Germany, and tries to commit suicide afterwards, failing in both, although Dutschke dies of his brain injuries 11 years later.

    -German left-wing students blockade the Springer Press HQ in Berlin and many are arrested (one of them Ulrike Meinhof).

    -Vietnam War: Columbia University protests of 1968 – Student protesters at Columbia University in New York City take over administration buildings and shut down the university.

    -– A referendum in Greece gives more power to the military junta.

    -October 2 – Tlatelolco massacre: A student demonstration ends in bloodbath at La Plaza de las Tres Culturas in Tlatelolco, Mexico City, Mexico, 10 days before the inauguration of the 1968 Summer Olympics. 300-400 are estimated to have been killed.

    -October 3 – In Peru, Juan Velasco Alvarado takes power in a revolution.

    -October 8 – Vietnam War – Operation Sealords: United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.

    -October 11

    -Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 7, the first crewed Apollo mission (Wally Schirra, Donn Eisele, Walter Cunningham). Mission goals include the first live television broadcast from orbit and simulating lunar module rendezvous and docking, using the S-IVB rocket stage as a test target.

    -In Panama, a military coup d'état, led by Col. Boris Martinez and Col. Omar Torrijos, overthrows the democratically elected (but highly controversial) government of President Arnulfo Arias. Within a year, Torrijos ousts Martinez and takes charge as de facto Head of Government in Panama.

    -Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will send about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours.

    -October 25 – Led Zeppelin make their first live performance, at Surrey University in England[9]

    -October 31 – Vietnam War: Citing progress in the Paris peace talks, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of "all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective November 1.







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